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HOW THE IDEA WAS BORN, AND WHY IT IS IMPORTANT

Only for 2015, there had been about 11.5 million tons of waste in Moscow. In the public areas and recreational facilities, litter bins capable to hold 25 to 60 l are usually used for collection, storage and temporary storage of solid waste. The estimated number of litter bins installed in public places of Moscow is more than 150,000 pieces. 

The suitable locations for litter bins are strategically important for the city, and highly attended by the citizens and visitors of the Russian capital. Those places shall comply with high requirements, primarily related to cleanliness and environment.

EXISTING ISSUES

The major problems related to the use of outdated waste collection technology and temporary storage of waste in public areas include:

Bin overflow

There is litter bin overflow in places attended by a large number of people. Waste collection trucks working based on a schedule that requires daily waste removal, cannot cope with high volume of generated waste.

Unappealing image

Litter bins often look unappealing and repulsive due to their rapid obsolescence. This factor is important, because it directly affects the perception of the city as a whole by its citizens and visitors.

Increased maintenance costs

The lack of online monitoring system for litter bin filling leads to "empty'' runs of waste collecting trucks that collect the empty bins. Depreciation of vehicles, and drivers' labour time is an unreasonable burden to the city budget.

Lack of bins

Lack of bins is also a problem, because waste in a bin is placed in bulks, which causes an increased need for new means of waste storage.

The open bin design

Access of birds and animals to open bins allows them to stir and scatter the rubbish out of the bins, thereby disrupting the environmental balance and polluting the facility. Sanitary norms are in this case not taken into account, too.

BINOLOGY PROJECT OBJECTIVES

 

1. Improving environmental situation in large cities by introducing a new modern waste collection technology;

 

2. Improving image perception of public areas by the citizens and visitors;

 

3. Reducing the load of the Russian disposal sites;

 

4. Involving secondary raw materials made of waste into further processing;

 

5. Introducing a system to facilitate the operation of public services and waste collection companies through the newest technologies;

6. Reducing the current costs for removal, collection, and disposal of waste.